Siddhesh Jungade
Siddhesh Jungade


Siddhesh Jungade

React Context API

React Context API

Siddhesh Jungade's photo
Siddhesh Jungade
·Jun 21, 2022·

2 min read

Let's learn about Context API

What is Context API ?

It's a React way to enable and exchange of data between children without using prop-drilling. This is Use to avoid prop drilling. it is also lighter approach to state management using Redux.

It added in react after version 16.3

How to use Context API

So there are three parts of context API

  1. Create a Context
  2. Provider method will provide value to all children components.
  3. Consumer will consume value which is provided by provider

In this Blog we will learn to use context API separate context.js file

Create a Context

To create context, just import createContext() method from React in context.js

import React from "react";

export const AppContext = React.createContext()

Provide method will provide value to all children Component

const ParentContext = (props) => {
    const [data, setData] = useState("") 

    const updateDataHandler = (value) => {
    return (
        <AppContext.Provider value={{data,updateDataHandler}}>
export default ParentContext;

This can be done in the same context.js file. Here we are providing data & updateDataHandler function to all children in AppContext so besicly we can use data at any level of our component Tree without performing prop drilling.

Now just import parrentContext component in user another component tree where you want to use the data here I am using my data in app.js where I want to use data in my whole app

import ParentContext from "./context.js";
import Child from './Child.js'

function App() {
         <Child />

export default App;

see in child component we are not passing any of this as props

Consumer will consume value which is provided by provider

Child is our consumer where we want to consume our data & change data using updateDataHandler() function

import { useContext } from "react";
impoer { AppContext } from "./context.js"

const Child = () => {

// consuming data using hook
const { data, updateDataHandler } = useContext(AppContext)
// consuming data using hook

return <>
    <h2> {data} </h2>
    <button onClick={ () => updateDataHandler("newData")  }> Click me to change Data </button>
export default Child;

Here we are consuming data & updateDataHandler using hook called useContext() where we pass our context, and we get that data which we want to use in this component and when click on button, data is getting update and reflecting in component

So this is Context API using hooks, I hope you understand. Please share with your friend and keep learning

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